Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. It is a degenerative disease and is often referred to as "wear and tear" of a joint as you get older.
Osteoarthritis is painful as joints become stiff and inflamed when the smooth cartilage lining the joints gets damaged. Without the protection of cartilage, the rough surfaces of your bones rub together as you move, causing the pain that is all too common for sufferers.
Simple, everyday things, like going for a walk or even getting dressed become difficult. There’s no cure for osteoarthritis and it does get worse with time. However, joints can be replaced successfully, improving mobility and reducing pain.
The damaged joint can be replaced with an artificial one, called a prosthesis – it can be made from a combination of metal, plastic or ceramic. This is a common procedure to relieve the pain of osteoarthritis and is a long-term solution for a worn-out joint. The procedure is a hospital stay of between four and seven days.
Related tests and scans
Related treatments and procedures
Shoulder surgery (rotator cuff repair)
The rotator cuff is formed of four tendons and the adjacent muscles that attach your arm to the top of your shoulder blade, which gives the shoulder stability and control. Tears to the rotator cuff tendon can occur for many reasons including acute injury, overuse or normal age-related changes.
X-Ray Guided Facet Joint Injection
A facet joint injection involves injecting local anaesthetics and sometimes steroids into or around a facet joint. The local anaesthetics numb the nerves to the facet joint to give pain relief. The steroids reduce inflammation and may make the pain relief last longer.