Sun burn causes the top layers of your skin to release chemicals that make blood vessels swell and release fluid. Although the dead layers of skin peel - revealing new healthy skin, the damage of sun burn remains. A sun burn that results in blistering of the skin can significantly increase your risk of melanoma.

The best way to avoid sun damaged skin is to avoid exposure to the sun:

  • Always wear a hat, sunglasses and appropriate clothing if you are going to be exposed
  • Use factor 15 or higher sun screen and reapply it frequently
  • Stay in the shade during midday (10:00 – 16:00)
  • Do not use tanning booths or sun beds

In addition to the risk of melanoma, sun damage can cause your skin to age prematurely. You skin can become very dry, develop deep wrinkles, develop brown lesions (called liver spots), or develop rough, crusty patches called solar keratosis.

An experienced consultant dermatologist may be able to treat your sun damaged skin.

* Source: NHS Choices

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