What are the different types of head and neck cancers?

Oropharyngeal Cancer - Hypopharyngeal Cancer - Laryngeal Cancer - Lip and Oral Cavity Cancer - Nasopharyngeal Cancer - Paranasai Sinus and Nasal Cavity Cancer - Salivary Gland Cancer - Squamous Cell Neck Cancer - Soft Tissue Sarcoma - Thyroid Cancer.

What are the symptoms of head and neck cancer?


The symptoms of head and neck cancers are similar to other conditions, so it is important to see your GP in the first instance. Symptoms may include:

  • Red or white patch in the mouth
  • Persistent mouth ulcers
  • Difficulties swallowing
  • Unexplained fatigue
  • Weight loss or low appetite
  • Jaw pain
  • Persistent sore throat and nose bleeds
  • A lump, a bump or swelling in the neck or the mouth even if it is not painful
  • Difficulties breathing

What are the investigations for head and neck cancer?

Accurate investigation and staging are essential for the appropriate management of patients with head or neck cancer. Diagnostics scans used in head and neck cancer are:

  • CT scan
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
  • Blood tests
  • Biopsy
  • X-ray
  • Nasoendoscopy