Lymphoedema may occur following damage to your lymphatic system due to cancer, radiotherapy, surgery, fibrosis, infection, injury or congenital abnormalities.
It is a collection of protein-rich fluid, which is evident as a swelling in the soft tissues below the skin. This is mainly due to the malfunction of drainage by the lymphatic channels.
While it is not possible to repair damaged lymphatics, it may be possible to move the lymph fluid from a congested swollen area of the body to an area where the lymphatics are working.
Related tests and scans
Related treatments and procedures
Lymph node transfer
Vascularised Lymph Node Transfer (VLNT) is a operation for the treatment of lymphoedema. It is most commonly used in the setting of secondary lymphoedema, where swelling of the arm or leg has occurred after treatment for cancer (commonly involving either surgery and/or radiotherapy).