Causes include:

  • Sinus or nasal disease
  • Trauma to the head or nose
  • Viral infections
  • Genetic conditions (passed to you from another family member)
  • Diseases of the nervous system (Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s)
  • Epilepsy
  • Diabetes
  • Stroke
  • Use of recreational drugs such as cocaine
  • Underactive thyroid
  • Allergies

Your GP may refer you to an ENT specialist who will assess your symptoms and recommend treatment. In the first instance conservative methods such as oral/nasal steroids, nasal sprays or antibiotics to address any infection may be prescribed.

If conservative methods are not successful your consultant may recommend surgical intervention such as: